For example, take-or-pay contracts encourage energy suppliers to invest in the company. Such agreements serve as an assurance to suppliers that they would recover the costs. In the absence of such a contract, the supplier bears all risks, including the buyer who cancels an order due to price fluctuations. Unlike take-or-pay, a „demand contract“ does not have a minimum amount of contract. Instead, a requirement contract requires the buyer to withdraw all the demand for a commodity from the seller. Indeed, the seller takes the buyer`s market risk, but usually for a higher commodity price, in order to reflect the increased risk. While, from a situational point of view, this type of contract would be very favourable in an uncertain market (no overbought that is not necessary), this type of contract is relatively unusual for large infrastructure projects, as it is difficult for the seller to obtain financing through borrowing without the guaranteed source of income of a HIGHER quantity. It is important that the take-pay buyer does not violate the contract or be late if he does not nominate or receive the amount of TOP in the corresponding year. Often, a buyer has the right to designate zero deliveries in a year, which would not be an offence or a default. Instead, the difference between the quantity actually taken by the buyer this year and the corresponding amount is the basis of a loss-making quantity for which the buyer is required to make a payment at the end of the year to the seller. investinganswers.com/dictionary/t/take-or-pay A contract to be paid is a rule that structures negotiations between companies and their suppliers.
With this type of contract, the company either withdraws the product from the supplier or pays a fine to the supplier. For every product the company takes, they agree to pay the supplier a certain price, say $50 a tonne. In addition, within an agreed cap, the company must also pay the supplier for products it does not take. This „criminal price“ is lower, say $40 a tonne. Compensation for profit and loss includes the profit made by the seller during the execution of the contract and the parallel contract with its arbitration provider, i.e. speculative sales and sales on the basis of the price difference test between pipeline gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG). During the execution of the contract, the seller may have purchased amounts less than his own commitment to the supplier to purchase LNG at lower prices. If proven, the profits from this practice should be deducted from the amounts requested by its customers for the seller`s loss from the activation of payable clauses.