After the deal, Trump tweeted that the USMCA was a „big deal“ for all three countries and that he was acknowledging Nafta`s „flaws and mistakes.“ But it has another broader objective: to reduce the imbalance in U.S. international trade, with various trading partners and around the world. On May 29, 2018, Finance Minister Bill Morneau announced that the federal government would purchase the existing pipeline and expansion project for $4.5 billion (approximately US$3.5 billion) to complete the project as Crown`s company. This happened after Kinder-Morgan set a deadline of May 31, 2018 to reach an agreement with the BC government. If completed, the government intends to sell the pipeline.107 However, some observers are concerned that Trans-Mountain`s approval difficulties will have a negative impact on foreign investment in the energy sector. Others feared that free trade would have negative effects because they feared capital flight and job insecurity due to international relocations, and that closer economic relations with the southern giant could also erode Canadian sovereignty. Opponents included Mel Watkins of the University of Toronto and David Crane of the Toronto Star, one of Canada`s leading newspapers. Take advantage of U.S. farmers, ranchers and agricultural businesses by modernizing and strengthening food and agricultural trade in North America. U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Public Safety Canada, Canada-United States Action Plan for Critical Infrastructure, 2010, at www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/ip_canada_us_action_plan.pdf.
The second parallel agreement is the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC), which established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) in 1994. The CEC is responsible for strengthening regional cooperation in the environmental field, reducing potential trade and environmental conflicts and promoting effective enforcement of environmental legislation. It also facilitates public cooperation and participation in efforts to promote conservation, protection and improvement of the North American environment. It consists of three main components: the Council (Minister of the Environment), the Joint Advisory Committee of Governments (JPAC) and the Secretariat, which is headquartered in Montreal. It has an annual budget of $9 million, with Canada, Mexico and the United States contributing $3 million per year and settled by consensus (non-majority). As stated in the agreement, the main objectives of the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement were the main objectives: the negotiations focused „primarily on car exports, tariffs on steel and aluminum, as well as the milk, egg and poultry markets.“ A provision „prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the cross-border flow of data.“  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour standards and encourages domestic production of cars and trucks.  The agreement also provides up-to-date intellectual property protection, gives the United States more access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the tariff limit for Canadians who purchase U.S. purchasing countries.