In the 1990s, Iran and India cooperated with Russia to support the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan against the Pakistani-backed Taliban. At that time, Iran invited India to develop the port of Chabahar in order to obtain preparatory access to Afghanistan.  A trilateral agreement was signed in 1997 with Turkmenistan to expand trade with Central Asia and, in 2000, another agreement with Russia on smooth transport between India and Europe through a north-south international corridor.  The railway project being discussed between the Iranian Railway and the State Indian Railways Construction Ltd (IRCON) is expected to be part of India`s commitment to the trilateral agreement between India, Iran and Afghanistan to build an alternative trade route to Afghanistan and Central Asia. July 14, 2015 – Nuclear agreement with Iran. Iran and the P5-1 countries agree on Iran`s nuclear program. The agreement provides for the lifting of sanctions after Iran has complied with the terms of the agreement. In May 2016, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s visit to Tehran to sign the Chabahar agreement with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, IRCON signed a protocol with the Iranian Railway Ministry. In keeping with its desire to be seen as an important regional player, Iran has taken the initiative to cooperate with all neighbouring countries to improve Chabahar`s transit potential. It signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Afghanistan and Tajikistan for the construction of railways, water lines and energy transport.
She was very interested in extending the Khvaf-Herat railway line to connect it to the railways of Central Asia, Turkey and Europe. It has reached an agreement with Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan for the establishment of a transport corridor between these countries. In addition to Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Oman, Syria, India and Central Asian countries, it is also an important partner in the North-South International Corridor (INSTC), which aims to link South Asian and Central Asian countries to Northern Europe via Iran and Russia. With regard to shabahar in particular, Iran considered it a turnkey port to connect India with Afghanistan and Central Asian countries. Initiatives include a road from Chabahar to Milak on the border with Afghanistan, the Chababahar-Faraj-Bam rail link, the Chabahar-Zahedan-Mashhad rail link, which continues to Herat and Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan and Termez in Uzbekistan.  Iran also plans to build Iranrud, a Suez Canal through Iran, to connect the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf. [Citation required] The Chabahar agreement is good, but it will not solve the problems of South Asia The berths will be developed in 18 months for $85 million.  As part of the agreement, India Ports Global will rehabilitate a 640-metre-long container handling plant and rebuild a 600-metre-long container handling system in the port.  India Ports Global will modernize secondary infrastructure by installing four gantries, sixteen gantry cranes, two Reach Stacker, two empty hands and six Mobile-Harbor cranes.  Following the modernization work agreed in the May 2016 agreements, Chabahar`s capacity will increase from 2.5 million tonnes currently to 8 million tonnes.  In April 2016, Iran, India and Afghanistan signed an agreement on the development of the Iranian port of Chabahar as a shipping hub, with rail links linking India to Afghanistan via Iran – and Pakistan. Chabahar is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only port in Iran to have access to the Indian Ocean.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s recent visit to Iran has done much, at least on paper. The conclusion of a trilateral agreement with Afghanistan and Iran on the development of the port of Chabahar is of the utmost importance to India.