Standstill Agreement With Pakistan

However, India refused to sign the agreement and asked the Maharajah to send his representative to Delhi for further talks. „The Indian government would appreciate it if you or another duly authorized minister on that behalf could travel to Delhi to negotiate a status quo agreement between the Kashmir government and Indian rule. It is desirable to act at an early stage in order to preserve the integrity of existing administrative agreements and arrangements,“ he said. But no J&K representative visited Delhi to negotiate. A young lawyer and landowner from Poonch, Sardar Ibrahim Khan, a member of the Jammu & Kashmir Legislature, who had been a legal officer under the Maharajah, emerged as the leader of the Poonch liberation movement. He brought together the different factions of Poonch and kept in touch with some key figures in the Pakistan Muslim League, including Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. He played an important role in the creation of an „Azad Kashmir“ government in Rawalpindi. The two draft contracts were submitted to the Prince`s Chamber on 25 July. A state negotiating committee, composed of ten sovereigns and twelve ministers, was set up to discuss the two agreements.

After discussion, the Committee finalised the two draft agreements on 31 July. [3] The state of Jammu and Kashmir, which joined both India and Pakistan, decided to remain independent. She proposed to sign status quo agreements with the two gentlemen. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India requested further discussions. However, within 12 days of signing the status quo agreement with Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan wrote a warning note to the Maharajah on August 24: „For Maharaja of Kashmir, the time has come to make his choice and choose Pakistan. If Kashmir does not join Pakistan, the most serious difficulties will inevitably arise. FIRST KASHMIR WAR AND „CEASEFIRE LINE“: The first war between India and Pakistan for Jammu and Kashmir thus took place after the signing of the instrument of accession from 1947 to 1948. This caused more unrest and the UN had to intervene to negotiate a ceasefire. Most of the troops were withdrawn and a ceasefire line was agreed between India and Pakistan in January 1949. The Dogra kings ruled the state of Jammu and Kashmir with an iron fist, with Muslim subjects having fewer rights than Hindus. On August 12, 1947, J&K sought to conclude a status quo agreement with India and Pakistan and declared: „The government of Jammu and Kashmir would like a status quo agreement with the Union of India and Pakistan on all matters that are the subject of agreements with the outgoing Anglo-Indian government.“ Soon, the Nizam, under pressure from Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslims (Ittehad), the Muslim nationalist party active in the state, withdrew from the agreement. [8] On the morning of October 27, Qasim Rizvi, the leader of Ittehad, staged a massive demonstration of several thousand activists to block the delegation`s departure.