In that agreement, Japan agreed not to issue passports to Japanese citizens who wish to work in mainland states, effectively eliminating new Japanese immigration to the United States. In return, the United States has agreed to accept the presence of Japanese immigrants who are already staying there; Allowing the immigration of wives, children and parents; and to avoid legal discrimination against Japanese and American children in California schools. There was also a strong desire by the Japanese government to oppose inferiority. Japan did not want the United States to pass legislation similar to that which had been passed on to the Chinese under the Chinese exclusion law. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, who had a positive opinion of Japan, accepted the agreement, as proposed by Japan, to avoid more formal restrictions on immigration.  The Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (紳協) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, under which the United States would not allow restrictions on Japanese immigration and Japan would not allow emigration to the United States. The aim was to ease tensions between the two Pacific states. The agreement was never ratified by the U.S. Congress and was replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924. Japan was prepared to limit immigration to the United States, but was seriously injured by San Francisco`s discriminatory law, which specifically targeted its people. President Roosevelt, who wanted to maintain good relations with Japan as a pole opposed to Russian expansion in the Far East, intervened. While the U.S.
ambassador reassured the Japanese government, Roosevelt summoned the mayor and the San Francisco school board to the White House in February 1907 and convinced him to end segregation and promised that the federal government itself would address the issue of immigration. On February 24, the gentlemen`s agreement was reached with Japan in the form of a Japanese memo, in which it was agreed to deny passports to workers wishing to enter the United States and to recognize the right of the United States to exclude Japanese immigrants with passports initially issued to other countries. March 13, 1907 followed the formal withdrawal of the San Francisco School Board`s decision. A final Japanese note, dated February 18, 1908, made the gentlemen`s agreement fully effective. The agreement was replaced by the Immigration Exclusion Act of 1924. Dr. Paul Finkelman, a historian of race relations and law law, was the speaker of TR in June. While his speech was called „Race, Federalism and Diplomacy: A Look at the Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1908,“ he explained that the agreement had changed in a broader context about how the definition of so-called „bad immigrants“ has changed over time. The migration from the Korean Peninsula to the United States took place in three phases. The first wave (1903-05) included about 7,000 mostly uncultivated male workers employed on sugar plantations in Hawaii. The gentleman`s agreement between the United States and Japan of 1908 limited the membership of Japanese and Korean workers from the United States (Korea was then a Japanese protectorate).